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Male Hormone Replacement Therapy

Men and women experience many of the same hormone-related problems as they get older. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can help symptoms of low testosterone in men who suffer from a disease called hypogonadism, a dysfunction of the testicles in which the body is unable to produce the right amount of testosterone.

Low Testosterone (Low T)

Testosterone is a hormone produced primarily in the testicles. Testosterone levels generally peak during adolescence and early adulthood. This sex hormone is responsible for the changes boys experience during puberty. It is key for the development of male features such as muscle strength and mass, facial and body hair, and a deeper voice. Testosterone is also needed for men to produce sperm.

After age 30, most men begin to experience a gradual decline in testosterone – about one percent a year. A decrease in sex drive sometimes accompanies the drop in testosterone, leading many men to mistakenly believe that their loss of interest in sex is simply due to getting older.

Testosterone levels can also affect a man's erections, mood, energy level, muscle mass, and bone density.

In older men, it is important to determine if low testosterone is simply due to the decline associated with aging or if it is due to hypogonadism, a disease in which the body is unable to produce normal amounts of testosterone due to a problem with the testicles or with the pituitary gland that controls the testicles.

Symptoms and Causes of Low T

Testosterone plays a role in many aspects of men’s health. Low testosterone (low T) is underproduction or lack of production of testosterone in men and women.

The low end of a man's normal total testosterone range is about 300 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dL). The upper limit is about 800 ng/dL. A lower-than-normal score on a blood test can be caused by a number of conditions, including type 2 diabetes, obesity, chronic liver or kidney disease, COPD or other lung disease, pituitary gland problems, infection, injury to the testicles, or cancer treatment (radiation or chemotherapy).

If your testosterone levels are low, you may experience symptoms of fatigue, weight gain, hair loss, muscle weakness, depression, loss of sex drive, or erectile dysfunction. Treatment can reverse these symptoms and restore your energy.

Your provider will order a blood test to determine if you have low T. Based on the test results, your provider will develop an individualized hormone therapy treatment plan that can successfully treat the following symptoms of a hormone imbalance in men:

  • Decreased sex drive
  • Decreased motivation
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Depression
  • Memory or concentration problems
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Belly fat
  • Weight gain

If you’ve been experiencing these symptoms or generally not feeling like yourself, chances are that you could have a hormone imbalance that needs to be addressed by a doctor.

Treating Low Testosterone

A gradual decline in your testosterone level as you age is normal. Treatment is necessary if you're experiencing symptoms related to low testosterone. Testosterone replacement therapy can be used to treat and improve the signs and symptoms of low testosterone in men. Doctors may prescribe testosterone as injections, pellets, patches, or gels.

Benefits and Risks of Testosterone Replacement Therapy

Testosterone replacement therapy can increase a man's sex drive as well as his ability to maintain an erection. Boosting testosterone levels can also increase bone density and help prevent osteoporosis. In addition, testosterone has been shown to improve hemoglobin levels in men with anemia.

In terms of the risks of treating low T, testosterone therapy can increase the risk for blood clots and stroke. It may also cause effects such as sleep apnea, acne, and breast enlargement, although these are not common. Testosterone therapy also does not benefit memory or improve any other aspect of cognitive functioning.

At SynergenX Health, we are devoted to hormone replacement therapy and helping men increase their testosterone levels. We manage testosterone with variable dosing and tailor the proper hormones to our patients.

We are not a one-size-fits-all program for hormone replacement therapy, which makes our practice unique. We monitor a man’s total testosterone, estrogen, and blood thickening very closely to minimize side effects.

If you would like to learn more about hormone replacement therapy for men, call SynergenX Health for an appointment, or you can request an appointment online. We have multiple locations throughout Texas as well as one in Illinois to serve you. We look forward to welcoming you to our practice.

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